A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals The History of Leather

You are searching about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals, today we will share with you article about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals is useful to you.

The History of Leather

The use of animal skins for clothing and basic survival items can be traced back to early man in the Paleolithic period. Cave paintings discovered in caves near Lleida in Spain depict the use of leather clothing. Man hunted wild animals for food, but removed their hides and skin from the carcass and used them as crude tents, clothing and shoes.

Early man realized that skins rotted quickly and thus became useless. They needed a way to preserve the skin. The earliest method was to lay hides and skins on the ground to dry, rubbing animal fat and brains over them as they dried. This had a limited preservative and emollient action. Primitive man also discovered that wood fire smoke could preserve hides and skins, as did treating them with an infusion of tannin-containing bark, leaves, twigs, and fruit from certain trees and plants. It seems that man first discovered how to make leather when he discovered that animal skins left lying on a damp forest floor naturally turned black from chemicals released by decaying leaves and vegetation.

Much later the use of earth salts containing alum as a tanning agent to produce soft white leather was discovered. Alum skins can be dyed with natural dyes in various plants. In Egyptian times, leather was used for sandals, clothes, gloves, buckets, bottles, burial shrouds, and military equipment. In Egyptian tombs, wall paintings and artifacts depicted these uses of leather.

The Romans also used leather on a large scale for shoes, clothing, and military equipment, including shields, saddles, and armor. Excavations of Roman sites in Great Britain have unearthed large quantities of leather goods such as shoes and clothing. Leathermaking was introduced to Britain by the Roman conquerors and by religious communities whose monks were experts in the manufacture of leather, especially vellum and parchment for writing purposes.

The ancient Britons had many uses for leather, from leather shoes, clothing and bags, to articles of war. The hulls of early boats, known as coracles, were also covered with leather. Over the centuries, leather production expanded steadily, and by medieval times most towns and villages had a tannery, located on the local stream or river, which they used as a source of water for processing and as a source of power for their machines. their water wheels. Many of these tanneries still exist, but in many towns the only remaining evidence is in street names, such as Tanner Street, Bark Street and Leather Lane.

The earliest rawhides were made by first soaking hides and skins in a fermenting solution of organic matter in which bacteria grew and attacked the hide or skins, resulting in a loosening of the hair or fur and some digestion of skin proteins. The hair or wool was then scraped off with primitive stones or wooden scrapers, and the fat or meat still adhering to the meat side was removed in a similar manner.

Tanning, the conversion of jelly into leather, was done by dusting the raw stock with ground bark and other organic matter and placing them in shallow pits or containers with tannin solution. the solution had penetrated directly into the skin structure, taking up to two years for very thick skin. The skin was then hung for several days in open sheds. Dressing the leather involved cutting or shaving it to a level thickness, dyeing, treating with oils and fats, drying and finishing the surface of the grain with wax, proteins such as blood and egg albumin, and shell to produce attractive finishes. of the surface.

During the Middle Ages, leather was used for all kinds of purposes such as: shoes, clothes, leather bags, holsters and trunks, leather bottles, saddles and harnesses, for chair and armchair upholstery, book binding and military uses. It was also used to decorate chairs, car seats and walls. Most leather was tanned with oak bark, but soft clothing, glove and shoe leathers were tanned with alum, oil, and combinations of these two materials. With the discovery and introduction of basic chemicals such as lime and sulfuric acid, tanners gradually abandoned their traditional methods and leather production slowly became a series of chemical-based processes.

The rise of industrialization in the 18th and 19th centuries created a demand for many new types of leather, eg, leather belts to drive machines entering industry, special leathers for use on looms in the textile industry , leather for use as diaphragms and washers, leather for use in transport and for furniture upholstery.

In the late nineteenth century, the invention of the motor car, modern roads, new ranges of coal tar colors, demand for softer, lighter shoes with a fashionable appearance, and a general rise in the standard of living created a request for soft, supple, colorful skin. Traditional vegetable tanned leather was too hard and thick for these requirements and so the use of chromium salts of the metal was adopted and chrome tanning became the tannery for modern shoes and fashion leathers. It produces soft, supple, beautiful and fine skin, reflecting the way we live.

I hope you enjoyed this little history lesson!

Video about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals

You can see more content about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals

If you have any questions about A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 7293
Views: 80695574

Search keywords A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals

A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals
way A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals
tutorial A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals
A Variety Pack Of Encased Meats Made From Exotic Animals free
#History #Leather

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?The-History-of-Leather&id=2186656