A Tree That Grows A Fruit That No Animal Eats History Of Raspberry Plants

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History Of Raspberry Plants

According to Luther Burbank, who studied and hybridized raspberries and blackberries more than any other horticulturist, and wrote his classic 8-volume treatise on Small Fruits and Fruit Improvement in 1921; The red raspberry plant has been cultivated in Europe for centuries, growing wild from Greece to Spain and north from Norway to Sweden.

The red raspberry, Rubus idaeus, is a berry shrub native to Turkey and was collected by people living in Troy, (Troas, Turkey) from vines growing on the foothills there in the first century BC.

The Romans spread raspberry seed throughout their empire, as evidenced by raspberry vine seed in archaeological digs in England demonstrating that the English were gardeners who grew a lot of raspberry vines and raspberry bushes.

William Prince established the first plant nursery in the American colonies in 1737 in Flushing, New York, offering, among other things, raspberry plants for sale.

Luther Burbank introduced many raspberry hybrids to American horticulture. He described blackberries, raspberries, and blackberries as the most genetically complex fruits in American fruit research.

Burbank produced a number of crosses between blackberry, blackberry and raspberry that showed every possible combination of the two berry qualities in between. One of these raspberries was also white in color and delicious, but too tender for commercial production and planting.

The raspberry has been hybridized with various blackberry plants to produce blackberry and loganberry. The Loganberry was a hybrid cross between the California blackberry and the red raspberry. ‘Berry Phenominal’ was a cross between a blackberry and an arctic raspberry that Burbank hybridized in 1905.

Luther Burbank made hybrid crosses between the strawberry plant and the raspberry plant that resulted in a hybrid bush, completely thornless, but the fruit produced on 2-5 ft canes was not of sufficient quality to succeed as a commercial raspberry.

The raspberry bush or vine grows up to 3 meters in height, and the berry when harvested is easily separated completely from the stem, requiring no further cleaning or preparation before eating. Wild raspberries are an important wildlife berry for animals and birds to eat when ripe in summer and fall. Raspberries are best marketed by hand-picking because of their short shelf life, but the demand for raspberries has increased to the point that berries are flown in refrigerated air freight to meet the demand for raspberries.

Raspberries’ growth habits can be described as trailing raspberry vines or erect, straight canes. Many raspberry cultivars produce a cane that does not bear the first year, which flowers and grows berries during the second season. This non-bearing cane is called Primocane. Bearing raspberry plants can sometimes bear two crops a year, one crop in the spring and the second crop in the fall. Everbearing raspberry bushes can produce a first-season crop in the fall on primocanes. The most popular raspberry bushes and vines are: Heritage red raspberry, Autumn Bliss and Amity red raspberry. Raspberry roots are shallow and may require a little extra watering during dry spells. Raspberries can be picked by hand or by machine and frequent picking is required every 3-4 days over a period of several weeks.

The widespread occurrence of red raspberry is a diverse and complex gene pool in the fruit kingdom, growing as erect bushes or trailing vines, but black raspberry grows only in the form of erect bushes.

The black raspberry, Rubus occidentalis, also known as the wild black raspberry or black-cap raspberry, was introduced to America in the 1840s by Nicholas Longworth of Ohio and was an excellent addition to cultivated fruit to grow everywhere. The purple cap raspberry species was developed from the native, US Raspberry Rubis neglectus, and was native to New York State. Black raspberries are native only to North America, mostly in the eastern parts, excluding the Gulf states. Black raspberry is also called wild raspberry and has been used for centuries to treat pregnant women. Tea made from this wild raspberry was published as a relaxing remedy by a famous English medical study in 1941, which also treats morning sickness, labor assistance, uterine irritation and threatened abortion. Black raspberries are grown as backyard berries more than commercial berries because they are less cold hardy, less productive and more subject to disease damage than red raspberries.

There are many useful products obtained from raspberries: ice cream, jam, jelly, black raspberry petits fores, raspberry juice and of course fresh raspberry fruit.

Raspberries contain extreme amounts of antioxidants that are used to fight cancer, interfere with heart disease and provide many other health benefits from their high content of vitamin A, vitamin B1, B2, vitamin C, niacin and the minerals calcium, phosphorus, iron . and potassium.

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