A Scientist Who Studies The Fossils Of Plants And Animals Factors Contributing To Global Warming

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Factors Contributing To Global Warming

Global warming is defined as an increase in the average temperature of the Earth, surface air and oceans. According to the studies conducted, it has been explained that the Earth’s temperature has increased by nearly 1 degree Fahrenheit in the last 100 years. It is one of the biggest environmental problems today. If this situation continues, then many negative effects can occur on earth.

Causes of global warming:

Global warming can be caused due to natural disasters or human activities. Natural causes of global warming include exploding sunspots, variations in solar output, volcanic eruptions, and changes in Earth’s orbit. Human activities that increase greenhouse gases, including the burning of solid waste, wood, and fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal, as well as deforestation. The release of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) from industrial processes generates more heat than normal and is trapped in the atmosphere resulting in global warming.

The main gases that contribute to this are carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane and nitrous oxide. These gases are mainly produced by power plants burning fossil fuels, road vehicles and industries. Another cause is deforestation, which is caused by the cutting and burning of forests for the construction of houses and industries.

Effects of global warming:

Global warming produces several effects, ranging from effects on the atmosphere, economy and environment and also on the health of human beings.

•Due to this, there is an increase in the average temperature of the earth’s surface, which resulted in the melting of the polar ice. The continued melting of glaciers can lead to floods and other natural disasters. Greater temperature rise could melt the ice and result in sea level rise, which would submerge and submerge low-lying countries and coastal areas.

•It also affected the animal kingdom and some animals became extinct due to loss of their natural habitat or failure to adapt to rapid climate changes. The lifestyle of animals has changed due to changes in seasons and migratory birds changed their travel time and also the location of migration.

•Global warming also affected the seasons, as there is a change in the seasonal cycle, summers are longer than winters.

•It is quite responsible for the initiation of some new diseases. This is because, bacteria are very capable and multiply rapidly in warmer temperatures as compared to cold temperatures. The increase in temperature has led to the increase of microbes, which cause diseases.

•Global warming is also responsible for the change in crop production because crops are being destroyed due to sudden change in temperatures or sudden attacks of rain. Flash floods and other natural disasters also affect crop production.

• As a result, the earth’s atmosphere is gradually becoming unstable. This is due to heavy rainfall in places with much less rainfall and drought in places with good annual rainfall. There are also changes in the rainy months.

•The effects of global warming, such as reduced snowpack, increased temperature and other weather changes, will not only affect people, but will also affect entire ecosystems. These changes in the ecosystem can lead to the extinction of species. Another consequence is the retreat of the glaciers, which means the deterioration of the glaciers. This can lead to flash floods, landslides and flooding of glacial lakes.

•Because of this, people can suffer from vector-borne infectious diseases such as malaria and malnutrition.

•Due to global warming, the oceans will become significantly more acidic, as more carbon dioxide is trapped in the water and the ocean temperature rises. This can lead to the extinction of ocean animals and plants and cause hurricanes and storms.

•Polar glaciers melt which is fresh water and when it sinks into the sea, the salinity of the ocean breaks down and causes an imbalance in the ocean currents.

Global warming can cause heatstroke, cardiovascular and respiratory problems. An efficient way to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is to encourage the public to use renewable energy sources and conserve energy to the extent possible. More advanced technologies must be developed in order to build cleaner cars and improved ways to generate electricity. These methods help minimize global warming and also save energy for future generations.

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