A Rabbit Population Consists Of Animals That Are Either Very The Golden Eagle Facts and Info

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The Golden Eagle Facts and Info

This beautiful Golden Eagle is named for its golden brown plumage, with the head and nape feathers being a slightly lighter, golden color. The golden eagle is between 26-33 inches in height, the eagle has a wingspan of 78 inches (over 7 feet long) and weighs 3.2 to 6.4 kg. Adults have a bill that is slightly smaller and darker than that of other eagles, which include the bald eagle. The immature golden eagle in flight can be distinguished from the immature bald eagle by the presence of distinct white spots on the lower wing and a large white tail with a dark band. The most obvious field mark at any age that distinguishes these two eagles, if you are able to see it, is the presence of feathers on the feet of the golden eagles down to the toes, while the bald eagle has a significant amount showing the leg. Its preferred prey includes rodents, birds, rabbits and reptiles, as well as carrion. They have also been known to take small sheep and other small farm animals.

The life and history of these eagles

The golden eagle is a long-lived bird, with a lifespan believed to be around 30 years or more. A pair of golden eagles is also known to mate permanently and defend a large selected territory against other golden eagles to protect there young from starvation. Both male and female help build the nest, occasionally in a tree, but more often on a ledge of rock, usually with the protection of a tree or overhanging rock for shelter. The nest is made of sticks and large branches and often contains aromatic leaves which can serve to deter insects and other small pests. Since the same nest can be used and added to almost every year, so as you can imagine, nests can become very large due to the number of birds added to them.

Birds usually hatch with 1 or 2 sometimes but rarely 3 eggs which hatch after an incubation period of 34-45 days. Eagles fly in 65-75 days. The male provides little assistance with incubation, but he is the main provider of food during incubation and chick rearing. The young reach sexual maturity and acquire adult coloration in most cases around the age of 5 years.

Habitat is very important

The golden eagle is seen worldwide throughout the northern hemisphere. Golden eagles are usually associated with the great plains of the western United States and are quite common in our western states, Alaska, and western Canada. Never abundant in the eastern US, this species is now virtually extinct as a breeding bird east of the Mississippi River. Golden eagles once nested in no more than a few places in the Adirondacks of New York, in Maine, and in New Hampshire. They are believed to still nest in large numbers in eastern Canada and are also protected here, as evidenced by the hundreds of golden eagles that appear during fall and spring migrations in the eastern U.S. Preferred habitats generally include open areas, mountains, grassland and desert. . The golden eagle feeds primarily on live mammals such as ground squirrels and rabbits, and other small animals found in their preferred upland habitats. In winter they will feed on carrion and waterfowl in the east.

sTATUS

Golden eagles have been protected in the United States since 1963. During the 1950s, about 20,000 eagles were destroyed by farmers and ranchers, especially sheep farmers, who perceived them as a major threat to livestock there. In the northeastern states, the remaining populations declined drastically to almost nothing. Although sightings occur annually in New York, most are during migration. A nest was built in the winter of 1992-93 by a wintering pair in southeastern New York, but has never been used as the pair departs each spring to return the following fall. The reasons for the decline of this species in the east are not clear. Various factors appear to be involved, including shooting, accidental trapping, human disturbance of nest sites, depredation, loss of essential open hunting habitat due to successional control and fire, and possibly pesticide contamination (especially from DDT). as well as building and construction works. .

Hacking, a technique used successfully in New York to restore the bald eagle, has been considered for the golden eagle but not pursued because of uncertainty as to why golden eagles disappeared from New York and whether these conditions still exist. Tracking of golden eagles was conducted in several southeastern states during the 1990s and later, and at least three pairs have nested there in recent years.

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