A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground Interesting Facts About Moles – Feeding, Digging Behavior, Habitat, and Breeding Season

You are searching about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground, today we will share with you article about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground is useful to you.

Interesting Facts About Moles – Feeding, Digging Behavior, Habitat, and Breeding Season

The family Talpidae includes moles, sharp moles, and desmans, all of which are restricted to northern North America and Eurasia. These mainly burrowing insectivores (29 species in 12 genera) are very secretive and, because of their lifestyle, have generally been poorly studied. The species that has so far received the most attention from naturalists and biologists is the European mole (Talpa europaea)whose lifestyle and behavior are probably quite similar to many of the other species within this family.

Moles are highly specialized for an underground, burrowing lifestyle. Their broad, shovel-like forelimbs, which have evolved as powerful digging organs, are connected to muscular shoulders and a deep breastbone. The skin on the chest is thicker than anywhere else on the body as this area bears most of the mole’s weight when burrowing or sleeping. Behind the large shoulders the body is almost cylindrical, tapering slightly to narrow hips with short strong hind limbs (which are not particularly adapted for digging) and a short club-shaped tail, which is usually held erect .

In most species, both pairs of limbs have an extra bone that increases the surface area of ​​the paws, for extra support in the hind limbs and for moving the ground with the forelimbs. The elongated head tapers into a hairless, fleshy pink snout that is highly sensual. In the North American star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata)this organ holds 22 tentacles, each of which holds thousands of sensory organs.

How do moles dig burrows?

The function of the mole burrow is often misunderstood. Moles do not dig constantly or specifically for food. Instead, the tunnel system, which is the permanent home of the resident animal, acts as a food trap, constantly collecting invertebrate prey such as earthworms and insect larvae. As they move through the soil column, the invertebrates fall into the animal’s burrow and often do not escape before being discovered by the resident patrolling mole.

Once the prey is discovered, it is quickly seized and, in the case of an earthworm, beheaded. The worm is then pulled forward through the claws on its front legs, thus squeezing any grit and sand from the worm’s body that would otherwise cause severe wear on the teeth – one of the common causes of death in moles.

If a mole discovers an unexpected abundance of prey, it will try to capture as many animals as possible, storing them in a centralized cache, which will usually be well defended. This site, often located near the single mole nest, is packed into the soil so that the earthworms remain alive but generally inactive for several months. Thus, if an animal experiences a period of food shortage, it can easily attack this pit instead of using essential. body reserves to search for scarce prey. In choosing such prey to store, moles appear to be very selective, generally choosing only the largest available prey.

How do moles build tunnels?

Tunnel construction and maintenance take up most of the mole’s active time. A mole burrows actively, year-round, although once it has established its burrow system, there may be little evidence above ground of the mole’s presence. Moles build a complex system of burrows, which are usually multi-level. When a mole begins to dig a tunnel system. It usually makes an initial relatively straight exploratory tunnel of up to 20 meters (22 yards) before adding any side branches. This is apparently an attempt to find neighboring animals, at the same time forming a food trap for later use. Tunnels were later extended and many more were formed beneath these preliminary burrows. This tiered tunnel system can result in one animal burrowing above those of its neighbors without actually joining together into a settled population, however, many tunnels between neighboring animals are connected.

Mole’s Sailing Sense


Moles have a keen sense of direction and often build their tunnels in the same place every year.

In permanent pastures, existing tunnels can be used by many generations of moles. Some animals may be driven from their tunnels by the invasion of a stronger animal and, in such cases, the loser will have to leave and create a new tunnel system.


These master engineers are very familiar with each part of their territory and are suspicious of any changes in a tunnel, which makes them difficult to catch. If, for example, the normal route to the nest or feeding area is blocked, a mole will burrow around or under the obstruction, rejoining the original tunnel with minimal digging.

Our knowledge of the sensory world of moles is very limited. They are among the exclusively fossorial species the eyes are small and hidden by dense fur or, as in the blind mole Talpa caeca, covered by skin, sharp moles, however, forage not only in underground tunnels, but also above ground among dry litter, although they may have a keener sense of sight than other species they are still only able to perceive shadows rather than relying heavily on vision for detecting prey or for orientation purposes.

The conspicuous lack of ears in almost all species is due to the absence of external ear flaps and the covering of thick fur over the ear opening. However, it has been suggested that ultrasonics may be an important means of communication between fossorial and nocturnal species. But of all the senses, olfaction appears to be the most important medium—a fact supported by the elaborate nasal region of many species, along with the battalion of sensory organs preserved within this area.

Breeding season

The short breeding season is a hectic time for moles, as females are only hosts for 24 to 48 hours. During this time males usually abandon their normal pattern of behavior and activity, spending large amounts of time and energy on finding potential mates. Mating takes place within the female’s burrow system and this is the only period of non-aggression between the sexes.

The young, averaging three to a litter, are born in the nest four weeks later. Weighing less than 4 grams (ounces), the pink, naked babies cannot control their own body temperature and rely on their mother for warmth. The young are fed entirely on milk for the first month, during which they gain weight rapidly. Juveniles remain in the nest until they are about five weeks old, at which time they begin to make brief exploratory forays into the vicinity of the nest chamber. Soon after they will accompany their mother on more outside explorations of the burrow system and can disperse from there at will, those who don’t leave will soon be kicked out by the mother.

Video about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground

You can see more content about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground

If you have any questions about A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 4333
Views: 69398085

Search keywords A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground

A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground
way A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground
tutorial A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground
A Mole Is An Animal That Burrows In The Ground free
#Interesting #Facts #Moles #Feeding #Digging #Behavior #Habitat #Breeding #Season

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?Interesting-Facts-About-Moles—Feeding,-Digging-Behavior,-Habitat,-and-Breeding-Season&id=10434325