A Long Time Ago Only One Type Of Animal Existed Fallacious Arguments That God Exists

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Fallacious Arguments That God Exists

In 1963, my metaphysics teacher in college was W. Norris Clarke, SJ According to him, the cosmological argument for the existence of God began historically with Aristotle’s concept of “prime movers.” Blindly following Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas called the “first cause” the “prime mover.” In the 1920s, Etienne Gilson made the cosmological argument logical and compelling by focusing attention on Aquinas’s metaphysics. The cosmological argument is this: A finite being needs a cause, therefore there is an infinite being. It is an argument, not a proof, because it is based on the assumption that humans are finite beings and the hope that the universe is comprehensible. In Western religions, we call it the infinite being Mr..

In the early 1960s, it was discovered that the universe, with all its galaxies and stars, began to exist 13.7 billion years ago as an infinitesimally small particle (Big Bang). This is one reason to believe that God inspired the human authors of the Bible, because the Bible says many times that God created the universe out of nothing. Since the human authors knew nothing about the expanding universe and the cosmic background radiation, the Big Bang is a sign or a reason to believe in the Bible.

Another reason to believe in the Bible is that atheist-agnostics generally do not discuss the cosmological argument in a reasonable, intelligent, and honest way. Instead of saying that the cosmological argument for God’s existence is unconvincing, they say, “I don’t know whether God exists or not.” Suffering from cognitive dissonance, atheist-agnostics don’t like to think about the cosmological argument.

Fr. Spitzer thinks that the Big Bang is proof of the existence of God. I think it’s proof that God doesn’t exist because it’s proof that the universe is incomprehensible. If two jurors reach different verdicts after a lengthy trial, one juror has better judgment than the other. But if one judge says one piece of evidence points to guilt and another says it points to innocence, then one juror is more knowledgeable, intelligent, rational, or honest than the other.

Fr. Spitzer also thinks that the “fine tuning” of the constants of physics is evidence of an “intelligent designer.” This nonsense is based on the fact that physicists do not understand why the mass of an electron and the speed of light are what they are. If these numbers were different than they are, the universe would not be the same as it really is and there would be no mammals. Since human beings are mammals, we would not exist.

Another example of this reasoning arises from the fact that the Earth is exactly 93 million miles from the Sun. If this number were 92 or 94, it would have been either too hot or too cold for living organisms to have arisen and evolved. This is not evidence of an intelligent designer, because we know what caused the number 93. What caused this distance is Newton’s laws of motion and random chance. If one does not understand the concept of random chanceyou can explain it by noting that there are many planets that are not 93 million miles from their star.

In “fine-tuning” reasoning, physicists don’t know why the numbers are what they are. However, pro-religion and anti-religion enthusiasts debate whether or not there are many other universes with different physical constants. They never consider the metaphysical question of whether or not the universe is comprehensible.

There is a passage in the book that sounds like it is compatible with belief in God, but actually supports atheistic ignorance and stupidity:

Acts of consciousness (awareness of consciousness) are difficult to explain through regular spatiotemporal patterns (an act of consciousness captures itself, so to speak). (location 2211)

I agree that our ability to turn on ourselves and catch ourselves in the act of our existence proves that humans are embodied souls, and the existence of other humans proves that we are finite beings. But compare Spitzer’s quote with a quote from the most widely used biology textbook in the United States:

And certain features of the human brain distinguish our species from all other animals. After all, the human brain is the only known collection of matter that tries to understand itself. For most biologists, brain and mind are one and the same; understand how the brain is organized and how it works, and we will understand such conscious functions as abstract thoughts and feelings. Some philosophers are less comfortable with this mechanistic view of the mind, finding Descartes’ concept of a mind-body duality more appealing. (Neil Campbell, Biology, 4th ed., p. 776)

Fr. Spitzer is confusing two different methods of research: physics and metaphysics. Many atheist-agnostics will admit that human consciousness is a mystery. But if you ask them what caused the Big Bang, they’ll say the same thing: It’s a mystery. There are no mysteries in science. There are only unanswered questions because science has a remarkable success story. If scientists did not assume this, they would not work so hard and for so long trying to answer scientific questions. In metaphysics there are only mysteries. We must give up trying to understand what a human being is, because this gives us a reason to believe that there is a transcendent reality and our freedom is prior to this reality.

In the cultural conflict over the intelligent design theory of evolution (ID), both sides misbehave in different ways and for different reasons. In the Wikipedia scandal headlines “The Sternberg Peer Review Controversy,” the editor of a biological journal published an article promoting ID behind the backs of his fellow editors at the Biological Society of Washington. His colleagues at the Smithsonian Institution were so outraged that they misbehaved with him and caused a congressional committee to write a report titled, “Intolerance and Politicization of Science at the Smithsonian: Top Smithsonian Officials Allow Scientist Degradation and Harassment” skeptical of Darwin. Evolution.”

There is another example of pro-religious and anti-religious enthusiasts disagreeing about science. In this case, those who fear God are paragons of reason, and atheist-agnostics are behaving very irrationally. According to the second law of thermodynamics, heat flows from hot objects to cold objects, not the other way around. By thinking that a cold object is more ordered and complex than a hot object, some God-fearing people say and think that evolution violates the second law. In 2008, American Journal of Physics published an article on evolution and thermodynamics with an absurd calculation proving that evolution does not violate the second law. of American Journal of Physics is refusing to take corrective action because it would become a news story. The American public would then discover how irrational and unintelligent people can be about science and religion.

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