A List Of Extinct Animals In The Last 100 Years The Tiger in India

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The Tiger in India

The tiger is known as one of the 5 big cats. The list is headed by the Leo who is closely followed by the Tiger. In general, male tigers are about 9′ in length and can weigh an average of 400 pounds. Length measurement is from nose to tail. Female tigers are slightly smaller in size and weight. Until about 100 years ago, the tiger was abundant throughout the world and thousands roamed areas of Asia, India and Africa. However, indiscriminate hunting and destruction of its natural habitat has reduced the tiger population to a small extent and it has become an endangered species. If this species is not taken care of, there is a good chance that the tiger will remain only in photographs.

India is proud of its tigers. The Cat Specialist Group has estimated that nearly two-thirds of all the world’s tigers are concentrated in India. India has been home to the tiger for as long as Indian history. The Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished nearly 4,500 years ago, has clear reference to the Indian Tiger. A seal with a tiger’s head is proof enough that the tiger as a wild cat flourished at that time. Even earlier around 5000 years ago, the rock paintings of the Warli tribes in Thane show the existence of the tiger.

The Indian Tiger also referred to as the Bengal Tiger has pride of place in the list of tigers. Panthera Tigris Tigris is the name given to the Indian tiger by zoologists. The Bengal tiger is also called the Royal Bengal tiger because of its majestic appearance. The Bengal tiger is a carnivorous animal. But sometimes it can turn into a man eater. Tigers are generally not man-eaters, but an injury or provocation can cause a tiger to become a man-eater. Tiger in India is a protected species, but the sad part is that according to the latest tiger census conducted by the Indian government, only 3846 tigers have been counted. But experts have questioned the method of conducting tiger census by Indians, which they feel is not scientific. Indian wild tiger censuses are conducted by identifying footprints also referred to as individual tiger marks. For this identification an expert tiger tracker is indispensable. However, experts believe that this method is not correct.

With the tiger population dwindling, the government and wildlife enthusiasts launched ‘Project Tiger’ to help the species go extinct. But the launch of ‘Operation Tiger’ for tiger conservation is at least 3 decades late. Before this, the Maharajas carried out extensive tiger shootings to satisfy their egos. The huge tiger groves were organized to please the British rulers as India was a colony at the time. The Bengal tiger has been part of folklore in tales written by Jim Corbett. He shot hundreds of tigers but repented in later life and became a tiger protector. Corbett National Park is named in his memory in Western Utter Pradesh.

One of the most famous tiger reserves in India is the Smlipal reserve in the state of Orissa. Here the thick jungles provide ample cover to the tiger. The melanistic or black tiger is a rare color variant of the tiger and is also believed to be alive in this reserve, albeit in very small numbers. The white tiger also a rarity is found only in India at Rewa in Madhya Pradesh. As things stand, the tiger is an endangered species and it is the duty of all wildlife enthusiasts to help save the tiger and its habitat. This magnificent animal cannot be relegated to the dustbin of natural history.

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