A List Of All The Sea Animals In The World The Dead Sea – The Biggest Hyper Saline Lake

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The Dead Sea – The Biggest Hyper Saline Lake

The Dead Sea is located in the Jordan Valley between Israel, the West Bank and Jordan, at the lowest exposed point on Earth’s surface. It is the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. In Hebrew, the Dead Sea is known as ‘Yam ha-Melah’ meaning ‘sea of ​​salt’ of ‘Yam ha-Mavet’ meaning ‘sea of ​​death’.

Healing powers

Since thousands of years, many visitors from all over the world come to the Dead Sea. They believe that the mud on the shores and the salt waters contain medicinal and healing powers. Many visitors rub the dark mud into their skin and hope it will bring therapeutic results.

Floating visitors

Another fun activity for visitors is sailing in different ways and trying to sink, which is impossible. The unusually high salt concentration makes the water denser than the human body. This makes it almost impossible to stay upright in the water. Visitors are also warned of the dangers of the hyper saline lake, you should always protect your eyes.

Species around

The lake is called ‘dead’ because it is impossible for fish or other aquatic creatures to live in the salt water. Only a very small amount of fungi and microbial bacteria live in the sea. The mountains around the lake are home to a variety of animals, such as rabbits, jackals, foxes, camels, hyraxes, wild goats, leopards and hundreds of different birds.

Sodom and Gomorrah

The human history of the Dead Sea goes back to ancient times. Jericho, located north of the sea, is probably one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Sodom and Gomorrah, part of the ‘Cities of the Plain’ are believed to be nearby. Sodom and Gomorrah were mentioned in the Book of Genesis and were destroyed in the time of Abraham.

Asphalt Trading

The fundamental rift beneath the base of the Dead Sea is an extension of the Rift Valley in Africa. Its geology causes bits of asphalt to be crushed out of the ground and float to the surface. This was a valuable trade product because the Egyptians used it to preserve mummies.

The Dead Sea Scrolls

Jesus, Herod the Great, and John the Baptist were personally associated with the Dead Sea and surrounding mountains. They settled on the northern coast where they carved storage caves for sacred texts into the soft marl. Nowadays these caves are known as the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’.

Shrinking surface

The Dead Sea has no outlet and the Jordan River is the main source of water. The lake only receives between 50 and 100 mm of rain per year. The sea surface is decreasing due to the decrease in the flow of the Jordan River and the high rate of evaporation of the hyper-saline lake. At the southern end of the Dead Sea you can already see the consequences: the drained sea became salt.

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