4 Steps In First Aid For Human Or Animal Bite A Guide to Your Camping First Aid Kit

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A Guide to Your Camping First Aid Kit

Things to consider when buying a first aid kit for an outdoor activity like camping – and there are so many. Our experience tells us that the first thing to consider is the activity you intend to do and the climate in which you intend to do it. For example, win a first aid kit consisting of animal plasters and a lollipop for the kids to use in your back garden. I don’t expect it on an ice climbing trip to Scandinavia.

Another important consideration is your skill – if you were to open your first aid kit, would you know how to use every item inside? Is it time to maybe enroll in a basic first aid course? Even the most complete first aid kit becomes useless if the knowledge needed to provide basic first aid is missing.

For this guide, we will assume that we will be participating in a low-risk camping activity.

Our definition of a low-risk camping activity:

  • Falling from a height will be impossible.
  • The risk of diving in dangerous waters (cold, deep, fast-flowing, etc.) will be minimal.
  • Medical care is available around the clock.
  • Shelter, food and water are no more than 4 miles or an hour’s walk away.

Always ensure that you are competent to perform any activity in which you plan to engage. Use your judgment to determine the risk factor of your activity. Always consider any factors beyond your control – a sudden drop in temperature or visibility can make any activity dangerous.

Moving on to the first aid kit, the first thing that should be included in any kit is personal medication – this is any medication that you have been prescribed and that you will be required to take on a daily basis.

The rest of your kit should consist of at least:

  • Waterproof first aid kit bag
  • Flashlight
  • nightingale
  • Scissors
  • First Aid Tape
  • Antiseptic cream
  • Anesthetic spray
  • Variety of lint
  • Eye wash
  • Burn relief ointment
  • Variety of bandages
  • Plaster / Band-Aids
  • Some form a pain reliever – Aspirin / Paracetamol / Ibuprofen
  • Latex gloves
  • An EpiPen or similar

You should consider including the following items if they are not already included in your survival kit:

  • Tweezers
  • A fire steel or similar
  • Tablets for water purification
  • Space blanket

Finally, the following we consider optional, but make great additions when pack weight isn’t an issue:

  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Insect repellent
  • Antihistamines
  • Antacids

Read below for a description of each item and its suggested use.

Waterproof first aid kit bag

There is absolutely no reason not to have a waterproof first aid kit bag to hold the contents of your first aid kit. The items in your first aid kit should be kept clean and dry at all times – a wet first aid kit is almost like no first aid kit at all.

Flashlight / Torch

Chances are you carry a flashlight anyway, but you should always keep one in your first aid kit. This should be pretty self-explanatory; First aid is much more difficult in the dark. Additionally, a torch is a great morale booster when an injured member of your party is immobile in the dark.


Don’t just carry one whistle – carry one for each member of your group in case you need to split up or are separated for some reason. It is not only required to signal for help, but it is equally important to signal to each other.



These have a variety of uses in many first aid scenarios, from trimming bandages and gauze to removing clothing in an emergency. Try not to use these for general tasks and try to keep them sterile wherever possible.

First Aid Tape

First aid tape has an unlimited number of uses, from a makeshift splint to sticking to gauze. A roll should be in every first aid kit.

Antiseptic cream

A small cut or graze would normally not cause a problem – until it becomes infected and can ultimately lead to very serious complications. Applying an antiseptic cream to prevent this from happening can be very important.

Anesthetic spray

This can bring welcome relief to common mishaps like burns, stings, bites, cuts and grazes. Be sure to read the accompanying leaflet for details on using the spray – different sprays can be used for different ailments.

Variety of lint

Knowing when to use a pad is easy when you know its purpose – to help stop bleeding. A gauze pad is made of porous fibers designed to absorb and trap blood, thereby helping it to clot. Do some research on when you should and shouldn’t use a gauze pad.

Eye wash

Considered unnecessary by some, but we like to take an eyewash in our first aid kits so we know we have a suitable, sterile wash available if any of our parties are involved in an eye-related incident. the eyes.

Burn relief ointment

It’s surprising how common burns are encountered on camping trips, even for the more experienced of us. It can happen very easily, but luckily it can be treated just as easily with the right equipment.

Variety of bandages

This includes a variety of sizes as well as shapes and types. Do your research on bandages – learn how and when to use them. Learn how to use one in a splint, how to make a sling, how to make a fence, etc. Knowing how to use each type will help you decide which type to stock your first aid kit with.

Plaster / band aid

Use these to treat minor cuts and scrapes and help prevent infection. Remember to change plasters regularly and clean the wound before reinserting a new one.

Aspirin / Paracetamol / Ibuprofen

It can be very dangerous to give anyone pain relievers such as Aspirin, Paracetamol and Ibuprofen. Always ensure that the leaflet accompanying these medicines is kept in the first aid kit for reference. Always read the leaflet carefully and make sure it is safe to treat the patient with pain relievers. If you’re ever unsure, it’s always safer not to.

Latex gloves

These provide protection not only for the patient from infection, but also for the first aid provider. Always practice good hygiene procedures when treating a patient for both the patient’s health and your own.

An EpiPen or similar

An EpiPen should never be used without proper training or medical knowledge. Given the right circumstances and a competent first aider, an EpiPen can significantly increase a patient’s chances of survival in anaphylactic shock. Again, thorough research is advised.


These are ideal for removing foreign bodies from cuts and scrapes. Keep in mind that many tools such as a Swiss Army Knife or a Leatherman usually have tweezers built in – along with a host of other useful items; if your pack’s weight allows, it might be worth investing in something similar.

A fire steel or similar

Some people carry a lighter or matches, we prefer a fire steel as we know we can depend on it when we need it. You need one of these in your pack no matter what your activity—in fact, put one on your keychain. It can be used with any type of fire starter, can be used wet and is virtually unbreakable.

Tablets for water purification

Always keep water purification tablets in your kit, whether you keep them in your survival kit or first aid kit. Even the simplest incidents can become drastic and life-threatening without water and for their size and weight there is no excuse for going anywhere without taking them with you.

Space blanket

This item is very useful in keeping a victim warm by reflecting their body heat. Space blankets are useful in a number of scenarios.

Hydrocortisone cream

Hydrocortisone cream can be used for insect bites, nettle stings and the like. Using a cream like this can help stop simple things like insect bites and stings from ruining a camping weekend.

Insect repellent

Never underestimate the importance of an insect repellent. Why put up with all those mosquito bites when you can apply some bug spray and forget about it all.


Antihistamines are considered by many to be optional, unless of course you suffer badly from allergies. Again, these can help turn a miserable camping trip into an enjoyable one with a small tablet.


If you know you usually suffer from excess stomach acid, don’t forget to pack a pack of these.

As a final note, all of the above items are useless without a competent first aider. If you participate in any outdoor activities, seriously consider taking a first aid course not only for your own benefit but also for the others in your group.

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