4 Similarities That A Bacteria Cell And A Animal Cell Silvox for Aquaculture Disinfection

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Silvox for Aquaculture Disinfection

The aquaculture sector, mainly Limnoculture (freshwater fish) and Vannamei culture (freshwater shrimp) widely use disinfectants in their farms for bio-security as well as routine cleaning processes. They are used to inactivate potentially pathogenic microbes on the surface of equipment, tanks, basins and clothing. Sometimes they are also used to disinfect gametes, especially eggs. Disinfectants are necessary during decontamination operations after outbreaks of notifiable diseases such as Infectious Salmon Anemia (ISA), Spring Carp Viremia (SVC) or Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS) etc. Despite the widespread and effective use of disinfectants, the criteria for their selection and application are largely determined by several contributing factors.

Commercially available disinfectants mainly contain mixtures of chemicals and stabilizers that may have a broad spectrum of application or selective composition of chemicals for specific target pathogens. Chemical disinfection of water and equipment is a critical task due to the after-effects and environmental impacts of the reagents themselves, both in the aquaculture system and in natural waters. The need gradually shifted to non-toxic biodegradable broad-spectrum and cost-friendly disinfectants; those to which pathogens cannot adapt or develop immunity. The best choice for this is to use oxidizing disinfectants. These are chemicals that indifferently oxidize organic matter in water. Thus, their way of disinfection is the oxidation of the pathogen’s cell wall, cell membrane and cytoplasm. Of all the types of oxidizing agents, Peroxides, especially in the form of Silver Hydrogen Peroxide, have found wide application as an efficient aquaculture disinfectant.

The disinfectant properties of H2O2 have been widely discussed and applied in recent years. Synergized with nano-silver, stabilized AgH2O2 is an excellent disinfectant that is active on a wide spectrum of microscopic and macroscopic pathogens. Its versatility as a pathogen cleaner and soil remover makes it an ideal choice for disinfecting water tanks, small ponds and hatcheries. It is best suited for disinfecting gear, as well as application in ponds and race tanks with or without water. Its low toxicity to higher aquatic fauna makes it ideal for treatment during disease outbreaks within aquarium systems.

Silver-stabilized H2O2 even at low concentrations has significantly higher disinfectant properties against a wide range of pathogens compared to identical concentrations of other commercial disinfectants. In addition, H2O2 has no detectable toxicity to fish eggs and most farmed fish. It degrades rapidly releasing nascent oxygen that kills pathogens without leaving toxic environmental residues. It is non-corrosive to tank materials and is cost-friendly. In addition, silver itself has certain bactericidal properties by attacking the bacterial DNA material.

Comparison of the required properties of an ideal disinfectant suggests the superiority of AgH2O2 as an aquaculture disinfectant:

Required property How is AgH2O2 calculated

Broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, effective against all types of bacteria, viruses, yeasts, molds and spore formers

Low toxicity and no residue formulation

Low toxicity and no residue formulation

• It has no toxic effect in diluted form

• Environmentally friendly – virtually 100% degradable that breaks down into water and oxygen Durable and non-corrosive

• Very effective for long periods even at very high water temperatures

• Low corrosive effect

Cost effective Equipment and operating costs are low

Chemtex’s Alstasan Silvox is an ideally formulated silver hydrogen peroxide disinfectant that can easily and efficiently meet all the disinfection needs of the aquaculture sectors.

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