4 Do Animals Of The Tropical Rain Forest Generally Migrate What’s the Difference Between a Forest and a Tropical Rainforest?

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What’s the Difference Between a Forest and a Tropical Rainforest?

First of all, a regular forest is usually made up of one dominant tree species—the evergreen forests of cooler climates, or the redwood forest of California, for example. A tropical rainforest has many types of trees and plants, and trees of the same species rarely grow close together. Scientists have counted up to 300 different species growing on a 2 1/2 hectare (one hectare) in a South American rainforest.

While forests are found in all climates and in all parts of the world, tropical rainforests are found only in hot and humid climates. They cover less than six percent of the earth’s surface. Most are found in areas near the equator such as Central America, South America, Africa and Southeast Asia. A rainforest often receives more than 100 inches of rain per year, the average humidity is between 77 and 88 percent, and the temperature is usually between 93º F (34º C) and 68º F (20º C).

Perhaps the most significant difference between a regular forest and a tropical rainforest, and one that has scientists concerned that rainforests may one day disappear entirely, is the fact that while most of the nutrients of a regular forest are stored in the vegetation of therefore, most of the rainforest’s nutrients are stored in the soil. This means that when a normal forest burns or floods or is cut down, the trees and plants can eventually grow back because of the nutrients in their roots. But in tropical forests, where thousands of years of heavy rainfall have washed away many of the nutrients in the soil, it is very difficult for vegetation to grow back after it is burned or cut.

Unlike a normal forest, a tropical rainforest has four very distinct layers based on the types of trees and animals that live there. From top to bottom, these layers are the emergency canopy, the overstory, the understory, and the forest floor.

Emergent trees are 100 to 240 meters tall and are widely spaced with straight, smooth trunks and leaves that form umbrella-like canopies. The upper canopy consists of trees that are 60 to 130 feet tall. Most animals live here.

Most trees in the understory, or lower canopy, are about 60 feet tall. Very little light reaches this level, humidity is always high and there is little air movement.

The forest floor is almost entirely shaded. As a result, there are very few bushes or grasses, and a person can easily walk through most parts. But you have to be careful where you walk, because the ground is full of termites and other insects, earthworms and fungi that feed on the debris that falls on the ground. Approximately 80 percent of all insect species live in tropical rainforests.

Interested in this topic? Try this link http://www.globio.org/glossopedia/article.aspx?art_id=6 for more information!

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