4 Do Animals Of The Tropical Rain Forest Generally Migrate Let’s Discover a Lush, Tropical Savanna Forest in Sri Lanka

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Let’s Discover a Lush, Tropical Savanna Forest in Sri Lanka

If you are a person who loves to be in the wilderness, observe the animals, see the endless greenery, hear the sound of Mother Nature and feel the cool breeze, I have good news for you. You will discover such a place, a unique eco system that will be a unique experience.

You must be eager to know what this place is by now. Well, it is Sri Lanka’s Nilgala National Forest Park that you are about to learn about. It is the most prominent Savanna forest in Sri Lanka. This, like other savannas, has typical grasses. These savannas catch fire every year. They have grass underbrush, and the trees scattered here and there are all well adapted to be fire-resistant.

Nilgala is located in the Eastern and Uva provinces of Sri Lanka. The forest spans over 26,000 hectares and is administered by the Sri Lankan government’s forest and wildlife conservation departments.

You can reach the park either by going from Colombo to Kandy and then to Bibila, on the Bibila-Inginiyagala road or by using the Bibila- Batticoloa road.

In the section belonging to the wildlife conservation department, except those used for conservation purposes, you would not find any tracks except those used for conservation purposes, but the section belonging to Galoya national park has tracks and campsites.

The western part of the park has three jeep trails, a boat ramp from the dam of the Senanayaka Samudraya basin, giving you a panoramic view, a trekker’s lodge with a capacity of ten people and three camping sites.

There are isolated rocks and mountains here and there, ponds, valleys and slopes in the park, but the main feature is the Savanna. The typical feature of this is short and tall grass with scattered solitary trees.

Nilgala, Danigala, Yakunnahela, Hamanawa, Kahatatuwa and Mahakadakanda are the main rock formation in the forest environment. Nilgala is the grandest of all, and has such a rich plant community.

Senanayaka Samudraya, a man-made water reservoir of 19,250 hectares is on one side of the park. There are many mountain ranges surrounding the park which adds to its beauty.

The Galoya River flows through the park.

With the prominent Savannah, the mixed feature of dry and evergreen forests can also be seen there. The average annual rainfall is about 1700 mm, which comes from the northeast monsoons, and the average temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius.

The plant community of the forest consists of grasses like Kudukumberiya, Kukurumana, Depaniana, Mana and Iluk, as the locals call it, and various hardwood trees.

There is a considerable number of wild elephants in Nilgala. Among other mammals, there are sambur, deer, wild buffalo, wild boar, fox, fishing cat, porcupine, pangolin, small cat, mongoose, leopard and sloth bear.

Nilgala is also famous for birds. Almost every bird of Sri Lanka’s arid zone can be found there. There are local, endemic and migratory birds. Wetland bird species are also present.

Not enough studies have been done on the amphibians that live there. Every reptile of the arid zone of Sri Lanka has been reported in Nilgala. Among them are pythons, crocodiles and some deadly poisonous snakes.

Nilgala is also known for its butterflies and bees.

Does this sound fascinating? Believe me; the actual beauty of this desert is far beyond my expression. If you visit Nilgala national forest park once, you would want to go there again

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