3 Things That Are Different Than Animal And Plant Cells Anaemia – Causes – Symptoms And Treatment

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Anaemia – Causes – Symptoms And Treatment

What is anemia?

Anemia is derived from a Greek word meaning “without blood.” It is a condition where there is a lack of red blood cells, or hemoglobin. This leads to a lack of the body’s ability to retain oxygen.

The three main types of anemia include:

1. Excessive or acute blood loss, known as hemorrhage.

2. Excessive destruction of blood cells known as hemolysis.

3. Insufficient production of red blood cells known as hematopoiesis.

To produce red blood cells, the body needs iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid, among other things. If there is a lack of one or more of these substances, anemia will develop.

Anemia is not a disease in itself. It is not just due to iron or vitamin deficiency. It can also be due to a chronic illness, or a genetic or acquired disease (such as thalassemia or sickle cell disease). It can also be a side effect of a medication, such as antibiotic medications or anticoagulants.

What are the symptoms of anemia?

Anemia goes undetected in many people and the symptoms can also be quite vague.

o If a person is otherwise healthy, symptoms appear only after the hemoglobin level falls below 10 g/dl.

o Shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness and rapid palpitations.

o Blurred vision

o Fainting

o If anemia becomes severe, angina (chest pain), headache and leg pain (difficulty walking).

In severe cases of iron deficiency, visible symptoms appear in the tongue and throat and include:

o a burning sensation on the tongue.

o dryness in the mouth and throat.

o sores at the corners of the mouth.

o nails become brittle and spoon-shaped

o pica (a craving for a specific food, especially iron-deficient food)

o brittle hair.

o difficulty eating

Caution – iron deficiency can in rare cases cause permanent changes in the mucosa (soft lining) in the throat. This condition is a preliminary stage of cancer.

What are the causes of anemia?

Below are some of the common reasons why anemia may develop:

o Heavy menstruation in women, puberty in girls

o Iron-deficient diet

o Internal bleeding may be due to a tumor

o Diet poor in vitamin B12 or folic acid.

o Diseases such as leukemia, piles, stomach cancer.

o Infections such as malaria and septicemia, which reduces the lifespan of red blood cells such as malaria and septicemia, which reduces the lifespan of red blood cells.

o Hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism

o Excessive alcohol intake reduces folic acid intake.

What are the different types of anemia?

o Iron deficiency anemia

o Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia

o Lack of folic acid

Who is at high risk of developing anemia?

Some people are at increased risk of anemia, including:

o Menstruating women

o Pregnant women

o Lactating women

o Babies, especially if they are premature

o Children, especially girls going through puberty

o Vegetarians

o People with stomach ulcers

o People with cancer

o People with chronic diseases.

How is anemia treated?

Treatment obviously depends on the cause of the anemia.

– Anemia can be resolved with an improved diet or by taking iron or folic acid supplements.

– If the anemia is due to internal bleeding, e.g. ulcers, then medications or surgery may be needed.

– If anemia is not treated, the symptoms will gradually worsen. The person may become very tired and weak and may then develop angina or leg pain.

Rich dietary sources of iron:

Food contains two types of iron – heme iron and non-heme iron.

Heme iron is derived from hemoglobin and is found in animal foods that originally contained hemoglobin, such as red meat, fish, egg yolks, shellfish, and poultry. Iron from these sources is easily absorbed in the intestines.

Iron from plant foods include lentils, dried fruit, nuts and seeds, figs, dates, dried apricots, beetroot, raisins, green leafy vegetables such as spinach, whole grains, fortified cereals and bread, peas and beans is regulated in a chemical structure called nonheme iron. Other sources of dietary iron include green leafy vegetables, tofu, chickpeas and strawberries.

Preventive steps for anemia:

– Follow a healthy and balanced diet and make sure your food contains good sources of iron, folic acid and vitamin B12.

– Reduce alcohol consumption.

– If you are a strict vegetarian, take vitamin B12 supplements to avoid deficiency.

– Coffee, tea and other caffeinated beverages should be avoided because they decrease iron absorption.

– Cook food in an iron pot in order to increase the iron content of food.

– Eating lots of fresh salads helps prevent anemia, especially if lots of beets are included.

– Honey helps increase hemoglobin in the blood, as it is rich in iron, copper and manganese.

– Taking vitamin C is important for iron absorption. An anemic person should take two citrus fruits a day.

– Avoid cow’s milk, which can cause occult bleeding in the intestinal tract.

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