3 Biological Features To Glassify An Organism As An Animal Four Major Theories on Motivation

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Four Major Theories on Motivation

Motivation is a psychological function related to, but distinct from, emotions. When it comes to other animals, motivation is almost identical or inseparable from instinct. For example, predators such as wolves and lions are motivated to hunt primarily because of hunger. Motivation tends to become complex as an organism’s intellectual capacity increases, both in monkeys and humans.

Human motivation

When it comes to people, motivation is directly related to success in achieving difficult but desirable and rewarding goals. Stronger motivation is needed as the goal becomes more challenging and competitive. Straight-A students, champion athletes, celebrities, and powerful politicians are just a few examples of high achievers whose successes are directly related to their strong motivations.

It may seem that opportunities and talents are the main factors of success, but without strong motivation, all these can easily be wasted. Many successful people are not necessarily the most intelligent or talented, but they have the right attitude. Successful people always see opportunities even in times of initial difficulties and failures.

Motivation is a key issue in any competitive and productivity-oriented environment. It is a crucial issue at work. It is a complex issue that has many variables, making it difficult to describe and support.

Many psychologists, management experts and sociologists try to classify and define motivation; here are some of the main theories.

1.) Incentive theory of motivation: Gaining something useful or desirable is the basic assumption of this theory. This theory emphasizes extrinsic rewards as the main reason why people are motivated to do specific actions. It’s the proverbial carrot dangling at the end of a stick. It goes without saying that people tend to be motivated if they see the prospect of rewards such as the extra monetary incentive or bonus to complete a difficult task at work.

2.) The escape-seeking dichotomy model: This model attempts to describe people’s motivation in terms of the dichotomy between escape and pursuit. For example, someone who is poor may want to escape the unfavorable situation, but at the same time strive or seek better opportunities.

3.) Thrust reduction theory: As the name implies, the theory emphasizes internal biological and psychological drives that need to be met. Strong drives will imply strong motivation or behavioral modifications aimed at satisfying the drive, thereby reducing its intensity. A person who is already at the peak of success in a certain field may find it boring to do the same things and may seek other goals.

4.) Theory of need: This theory is based on the idea of ​​the hierarchy of needs. He emphasized the concept of optimizing resources and efforts to satisfy specific needs. This is actually a broad theory that includes Herzberg’s two-factor theory, Alderfer’s ERG theory, and self-determination theory.

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