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Known and Unknown Facts You Should Know About COVID 19
The new coronavirus is the causative agent of the viral disease that has turned into a global pandemic and caused the global economic recession. Known as COVID-19, this disease has threatened public health on a large scale and has forced authorities around the world to go for long-term lockdown to break the chain of its progress. According to the Secretary General of the UN, the situation due to COVID-19 is reminiscent of the crises that occurred during the Second World War. Globally, more than 16 million people have been infected by the disease and it has caused over 82,000 deaths worldwide.
The origin of COVID-19
COVID-19 originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan in the last month of 2019 when local health workers declared that the viral disease was passed from animals to humans. Since then, it has spread to different countries of the world. Currently, the disease is widespread in over 100 countries of the world. Being a new virus, there is no vaccine or specific medicine available on board to prevent this viral disease. Since December last year, there has been a lot of effort to understand the new coronavirus. Despite the availability of a wealth of data available, not much is known about this newly mutated coronavirus. In this article, we will tell you some unknown things and facts about the virus.
Known facts about the new Corona virus
This newly-extinct virus was first observed in the Chinese city of Wuhan, where people contracted the virus from products derived from livestock.
Corona Virus is scientifically called as SARS-CoV-2.
Since the disease was discovered in 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) has christened it as COVID-19.
Just a few days ago, the WHO has decided to call this COVID-19 as a ‘Pandemic’.
This virus belongs to the family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from a mild cold to severe illness. Some of the serious diseases caused by this family of viruses include severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
Common routes of transmission of viruses include physical contact with or through droplets coughed or sneezed from an infected person.
This viral disease is highly contagious.
Symptoms are mild at first for an infected person and infections develop over time. Symptoms associated with COVID-19 include dry cough, fever, sore throat, nasal congestion, fatigue, diarrhea, or runny nose.
About 80% of people with COVID-19 recover without much medical intervention. However, one in six infected people become seriously ill and require serious medical intervention after developing shortness of breath.
Ordinary people can avoid getting this disease by observing social distancing, washing hands with hand sanitizers or soaps at regular intervals, stopping touching the face, nose and eyes, avoiding travel and stopping the practice of hugging and shaking hands.
After going through the known facts, let’s now look at some unknown facts about this disease.
Since there is no prescribed cure for the treatment of COVID-19, all patients will receive is supportive treatment based on the symptoms they produce.
Corona virus vaccines are being developed in countries like the US and China. However, they are undergoing clinical trials in these countries, which is a mandatory step before receiving approval from local government agencies.
A person infected with COVID-19 can, on average, pass the virus to two or more people.
Primarily the elderly, children under 10 years of age and those who have weak immune systems and pre-existing medical conditions can develop serious illnesses. According to doctors, people with heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure or previous lung infections can have serious illnesses due to exposure to this virus.
When the affected person sneezes or coughs, the droplets that come out contain this virus. Virus particles present in airborne droplets remain virulent for about 3 hours in airborne suspensions.
Although wearing face masks does not guarantee 100% protection from the transmission of COVID-19, it is advised that people infected with the virus wear them to stop the spread of cough or sneeze droplets in the air. Even people with a common cold and cough are advised to wear a face mask to avoid the spread of cough or sneeze droplets. Healthy people should not wear a mask.
Although there is no data available to prove the re-emergence of the COVID-19 infection, there have been cases of people getting the infection after having fully recovered from it once. For example, a Japanese woman was reported to have re-infection after recovering from it once.
Despite previously held beliefs that COVID-19 infection tends to slow down during the summer seasons, there have been increases in infections in all climate zones. This is why the WHO has made it clear that the transmission of this disease does not depend on the climate.
There is no information to suggest when the COVID-19 infection is likely to subside and life around the world will return to normal.
Although there is no evidence to suggest the spread of the Corona virus from domestic cats or dogs, there has been a case involving a tiger at the zoo becoming infected with COVID-19. More data is required to substantiate this claim.
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