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The Importance of Nutrition in Our Daily Life
Whenever we take in any food or nutrient fluid, our body digests and absorbs the simple but essential minerals, vitamins, fats, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and water from that food or nutrient fluid and converts it into the bloodstream and energy that helps our body to grow and keep healthy.
Nutritional value is most important for the health of every individual. Food or liquid every time we take it affects both our body and our health. So it is very important that we should be more aware of whatever foods or liquids we take in our daily life. A large number of diseases occur only because of the wrong diet. Certain foods can cause disease themselves or alter the course of a known disorder such as diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease.
Why is nutrition important to us?
As we know that food and water are necessary to build our body and keep it healthy. Every good food and liquid contains some important nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, some vitamins, minerals and water. All of these play a different role in keeping our body healthy and building new cells in our body.
These are the important foods and their role in our body:
Protein helps our body to build muscles and a strong immune system. Essentially proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids. There are 22 different types of amino acids and our body needs all of these amino acids to function properly. Protein is an abundant type of nutrient in our body that builds new tissue and repairs all damaged cells in our body. It also helps in the formation of hormones and enzymes which play different roles in our body such as metabolism and sexual development. There are many types of proteins that play different types of important roles in our body. For example, collagen is a protein and gives our hair and skin its strength, elasticity and texture. Some good sources of protein are lentils, low-fat dairy products, tofu, nuts, seeds, peas, tempeh. Some common foods such as whole grain breads, potatoes, corn and pasta also have protein. Soy protein is the most essential and strong protein and is equal to any protein of animal origin.
Carbohydrates give us energy. This is an ideal source of energy for the body because carbohydrates are more easily converted into glucose. It helps our body supply energy for the formation of cellular components. Carbohydrates consist of three compounds Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen formed by plants. There are four types of carbohydrates are important – Sugar, starch, fiber and meat. If carbohydrates are taken regularly, it does not cause any weight gain, unless it is like another food group. There are two types of carbohydrates – complex and simple. The efficiency of carbohydrates can cause the body to produce ketones, resulting in a state known as ketosis. Good examples of carbohydrates are bread, potatoes, pasta, soda, chips, candy/sweets, cookies/cookies, puddings, cakes, sugar, bananas, etc.
Fat gives us extra energy. It is a nutrient and a certain amount of fat is necessary for our body. We don’t always get fat. It plays a role in insulating our body by protecting us from sudden temperature changes and also protects our vital organs. Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water. Fats provide 9 calories per gram. When dietary fats are digested, fatty acids are produced. It is also important for healthy skin and blood pressure regulation.
There are two types of fats saturated (solid at room temperature) and unsaturated (liquid at room temperature). To get a sufficient amount of linoleic acid, one of the few fatty acids that the body cannot produce on its own. Every adult needs one tablespoon of monounsaturated fat each day. Saturated fats are mainly found in dairy products such as butter, cream, cheese and some chocolates. The source of unsaturated fats are soybean, sunflower and corn oils.
A vitamin is an organic compound, it regulates the processes of our body and plays an important role for the proper functioning of our body. The term vitamin is derived from ‘vitamin’, a word combined from Vital and Amine. Today a chemical compound is called a vitamin. Our body needs vitamins as substances to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins necessary for our body. Some of them are A, B, C, D, E, K, vitamin B-6 and vitamin B-12. In our daily life we mostly get all these vitamins from whatever foods we eat. Our body can also produce vitamins D and K.
Each vitamin plays a specific function. Any particular low level of vitamins causes deficiency diseases. For example, if we don’t get enough vitamin D, it can cause rickets. Vitamin A deficiency can cause night blindness.
If we eat a balanced diet, we get enough of the essential vitamin automatically from our daily food or liquid. We don’t even need to take any special vitamins separately. Only in some cases do we need to take a daily multivitamin for optimal health.
Minerals regulate our body processes and also build body tissues. Minerals make our bodies function properly just as vitamins do, but they do not prevent weight loss. Although we get it from our daily foods, so we don’t need to take it separately. Minerals strengthen our immune system. Some important minerals are chloride, calcium, copper, chromium, fluoride, iron and iodine. These types of minerals can be found from our daily food or liquid supplement such as salt, soy sauce, milk, vegetable oils, cereals, cheese, nuts, etc.
Water gives shape to cells and acts as a medium in which body processes can occur. It is a well-known but most important nutrient that our body needs. It is also the most abundant type of fluid found in our body contributing 70% of our total mass. It helps in digestion and transport of essential nutrients to all parts of the body. It is also needed to help maintain body temperature and helps remove waste products from the body.
In the human body there is 70% of the total mass covered by water. Water gives shape to cells and acts as a medium in which body processes can occur. It is a much needed nutrient than all available nutrients. It is also the most abundant type of fluid found in the human body. Water helps maintain body temperature and helps remove waste products from the body.
We see that nutrition plays a very important role in our life, every food and liquid contains its own nutritional value which is very necessary in our life. It can help to extend or decrease our lifespan, as well as determine our rate or livelihood. It also helps in our mental and physical development. We should be aware of the food and liquids we take in regularly. Eating poppers in our daily life leads us into a lifelong habit towards a prolonged healthy life.
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